Though informal, this dialogue has often resembled a genuine negotiating process. This book draws attention to the risk of oversimplified analyses and biased perceptions of security risks. But piracy has actually decreased significantly in that region, while expanding in the Gulf of Guinea off the West African coast. Aided by Operation Barkhane, which the French army is conducting in the Sahel, and supported by the international community, these efforts may bear fruit in the coming months. The same goes for Côte d'Ivoire, where a transparent and well-organised presidential election could ease the still painful wounds from the 2010-11 post-election crisis. Will the restoration of state authority, as expected throughout the entire territory of northern Mali, be sufficient to allow for the delivery of emergency aid to the north? The reshaping and volatility of alliances between terrorist groups only add to the mobile, systemic and complex dimension of the risks that have developed in West Africa.
Series Title: Responsibility: edited by Philipp Heinrigs and Marie Trémolières. This is also what we will continue to do in 2015-16 by proposing an original approach to cross-border co-operation, some initial contours of which are presented in this newsletter. But the first cases officially recorded in the border area of Kailahun in Sierra Leone date from 27 May. As in the 1970s and 80s when the region fought unprecedented droughts, the Sahel is again the first to feel the devastating effects of an emerging phenomenon that expands well beyond the region. Cross-border co-operation is an example of a possible response to this challenge. He produced and contributed to a large number of reports, studies and articles.
Piracy in Africa typically conjures images of Somalia and its neighbors in the Horn of Africa. More than ever, the region will need to consolidate and develop new tools and approaches adapted to the scale of transnational Sahelian and West African challenges. Neither prediction nor preference, the prospect of peaceful change in these two countries is mentioned here simply as the most complete manifestation of democratic life. Useful links For more than 30 years, the Food Crisis Prevention Network has brought together all food and nutrition security stakeholders in the Sahel and West Africa. While Sahelian states have taken actions to address climate change, mainly through the entry points of drought and food security, regional coordination of policies and strategies for adaptation are nascent. Here is another example, as concrete as it is painful, of the imperative of regional co-operation.
It highlights ongoing security-related research work carried out by the Group and its African research centre partners. Today, insufficient income is the main cause of hunger and malnutrition. Read Global Security Risks and West Africa - Development Challenges, published 1st March 2012 by visiting the. The threats born in recent years are still present. Although it is still tenuous, there is hope that political dialogue will begin in Libya; this dialogue seems to be emerging in Geneva under the auspices of the United Nations. Security crisis and food crisis work in tandem to undermine the resilience of millions of West Africans. Over the past ten years, the region has seen new chronic threats take root— those of instability and conflict linked to trafficking and terrorism.
This book draws attention to the risk of oversimplified analyses and biased perceptions of security risks. Only Chad recorded a decline in its food production, with a decrease of 12%. This process has taken time, and more time is needed because the situation is far from perfect. Emergence of criminal global networks in West Africa -- pt. The solidarity among these three organisations was remarkable. Mid-2014, experts acknowledged that bringing the virus under control in Guinea would not be possible as long as the number of Ebola cases in neighbouring countries was not reduced. This nightmare scenario could also include the resurgence of socio-political unrest of various degrees around the presidential elections in Togo April , Côte d'Ivoire October , Burkina Faso October and Guinea November.
But pessimism can lead to fatalism, and fatalism is not a policy. For more than three months after the first death, the Ebola virus did not appear on any radar screen. Water scarcity, longer dry seasons and impacts of higher temperatures may trigger new conflict and forced migration, issues that already impact the region. Efforts to relieve hunger need to concentrate simultaneously on preparing for the threat of and coping with natural disasters, anticipating dysfunctional markets and fighting poverty. These efforts will be pursued and consolidated in 2014 and beyond, keeping in mind the need to adapt tools and methodologies to an ever-evolving context. Although located in Guinea, Guékédou is the market city for a large number of border villages in Liberia and Sierra Leone. As we approach the next lean season in the Sahel, from June to August 2016, the situation is expected to become even more dire than usual, particularly in areas affected by insecurity.
With regard to security, regional co-operation certainly remains at an embryonic stage, but on 20 January, Niger hosted thirteen countries from the region in a bid to jointly define a common strategy against Boko Haram. This is what we have done recently by publishing the Atlas of the Sahara-Sahel, which received an enthusiastic reception from officials responsible for stabilisation and development strategy for these areas and beyond. This is a first element of an explanation. The entire perimeter of Lake Chad — vulnerable to attacks by Boko Haram — is at risk due to the high numbers of displaced persons and refugees, 1. Secondly, the study addresses terrorism, a relatively new dimension of insecurity.
But while far weaker than it was at the height of its power, the Islamic State-affiliated movement is still a major threat to Nigeria and its neighbors, Alex Thurston wrote in March. For some time now, the government of Niger has been ringing alarm bells over the increasing threats on its borders with Libya and Nigeria, not to mention to the west, the resurgence of tensions in northern Mali. Rather, food security issues are at the heart of these concerns and should be considered as part of the solution to the challenges they raise. It covers interconnected aspects such as economics, politics, food, the environment, people, community and health. Laurent Bossard, Director of the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat.