And perhaps scholars are simply irritated at having to reconcile two different pictures of the same historical figure. Xenophon is no Plato but most believe that the image we receive from Plato is the only portrait of Socrates. Many consider the book largely fictionalized, as some of its historical errors can be clearly proven. I must begin by stating that I agree with what Kierkegaard writes in his Concept of Irony - that the quaint Xenophon fails to understand Socrates; that he delivers a surface portrait even of his thought, but fails to cut into the negative heart of this thought, wherein lies the import of Socrates as a figure for ancient Athens and for all of history. They recall their past achievements with pleasure, and rejoice in their present successes, because through me they are dear to the gods, loved by their friends, and honoured by their country.
Before I continue, here are relevant passages from the introductions. Xenophon s portrait is the only one other than Plato s to survive, and while it offers a very personal interpretation of Socratic thought, it also reveals much about the man and his philosophical views. Even if you don't like philosophy, you should read this book. But while Xenophon's Socrates does talk about virtue, he talks differently than Plato's. And again, Xenophon was not present at the trial of Socrates, having been on campaign in Anatolia and Persia.
Many of the cast of characters, such as Euthydemus, make appearances in both accounts of Socrates. Watson, London: George Bell and Sons, Covent Garden, 1875. As you will see from reading 'The Memorable thoughts of Socrates' the eponymous philosopher lived a life of virtue and justice, so dying according to the laws of his country suited him just fine. Socrates urges some to enter public office and others to exit. I recommend this book to all.
I did not feel bored or confused at any point, Socrates always seems to get to the point rather quickly, and makes his points well. A final note; is whether he, like a Shakespeare, ever even existed? Comprising four books, it could be simply described as short conversations with Socrates on a variety of topics, both public and private, and nicely displays Socrates' trademark reasoning. Several points in this section also seemed to echo though they historically precede the teachings of Christ. Although Xenophon claims to have been present at the Symposium, this is impossible as he was only a young boy at the date which he proposes it occurred. Symposium shows both Socrates' and his follower's humorous side whilst they discuss love, and would nicely complement Plato's Dialogue of the same title. One gets the idea that proponents of this discipline largely think of the body as a cart that drags around their great, big, lovely brains.
In Socrates Defence Xenophon defends his mentor against charges of arrogance made at his trial, while the Memoirs of Socrates also starts with an impassioned plea for the rehabilitation of a wronged reputation. Book 4 Chapter 2 is a worthy comparison to the Socrates of the early Platonic dialogues. He, like others, paid the ultimate price, for his personal quest to be virtuous. Upon this, Socrates asked him whether he had ever been at Delphi, and Euthydemus answered that he had been there twice. He wouldn't have sent people like Xenophon to oracles otherwise.
The first of the four Socratic works contained in the book is Socrates' Defense, Xenophon's account of Socrates' trial similar to Plato's Apology. This was something that was mentioned in one of the introductions, but I really would have noticed this myself. Waterfield's Introduction: In short, to prefer Plato's portrait to Xenophon's is just to compare Xenophon unfavourably with Plato as both a writer and a thinker. Here you have Socrates seeking to convince Euthydemus that he really knows nothing -and of course- Socrates is successful. Particularly, if you consider that your body is only a little earth taken from that great mass which you behold. That's one thing that is unquestionably constant.
That's one thing that is unquestionably constant. The Framing of Socrates: The Literary Interpretation of Xenophon's Memorabilia. She kept on examining herself, and watching to see if anyone was looking at her, and glancing at her own shadow. From day-to-day discussions up to deep philosophical arguments, this book describes what some people would consider a hero: someone that can face adversity with calm, and knows what should and shouldn't be done to lead a good life. Actually, it went beyond that: I was thrilled. From day-to-day discussions up to deep philosophical arguments, this book describes what some people would consider a hero: someone that can face adversity with calm, and knows what should and shouldn't be done to lead a good life.
Indeed, the last of the documents is nothing except t Plato was not the only one who wrote about Socrates. Although Xenophon claims to have been present at the Symposium The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates free at Gutenberg I'd read Plato on Socrates and now I wanted to read Xenophon, having already read of his interactions with Socrates in his Anabasis. Along with 'The Estate-Manager', a practical economic treatise, and 'The Dinner-Party', a sparkling exploration of love, Xenophon's dialogues offer fascinating insights into the Socratic world and into the intellectual atmosphere and daily life of ancient Greece. Ought they not alike to strengthen themselves with friends to assist them upon occasion? That may give you just enough time to recover. I still need to read Plato's version of Socrates, but started with Xenophon not knowing much of the difference between both.
Writings in Greek about the sophist are called Sokratikoi logoi. An original philosophical work by american philosopher l james hammond can also function as an introduction to philosophy and literature. Sometimes I feel that they extended a little too much but all in all, these chapters gave a clear view of life in Greece in those times, Socrates' train of thought and so on. He dialogues with a group of theology students on the Protestant doctrine of. I have often wondered how much the Socrates in history was like the Socrates in the Dialogues — how much was he a creation of Plato. The majority of the book is devoted to the memorable thoughts of Socrates and I found this to be of greater value than the other two works. He was extremely fit and brave, fighting in three campaigns, the last aged 50, and honoured for his bravery in battle.
Xenophon mentions more than once that Socrates thought that those kinds of speculations were vain and frivolous; even going so far as to make Anaxagoras a byword for that kind of frivolity. Also, he deals at a much more practical level. But while Xenophon's Socrates does talk about virtue, he talks differently than Plato's. Also he had a kind of walk that was unusual, a kind of gait that would strike fear into potential enemies. To make eating enjoyable you invent refinements of cookery, and to make drinking enjoyable, you provide yourself with expensive wines and rush about searching for ice in summer. But temperance, which accustoms us to wait for the necessity, is the only thing that makes us feel an extreme pleasure in these occasions.